September 11 marks the beginning of a new Egyptian year
in September 11 of 2018, Egyptians welcome a new Egyptian year, which is the 6260th Pharaonic year. The Pharaonic calender was calculated in 4241 B.C. by the ancient Egyptians and is the oldest calendar in the world.
Desiree Edwards-Rees has mentioned in his book, “The House of History”, that ancient Egyptians measured the time taken by what we know to be the earth’s journey round the sun.
He added that they counted 365 days, then they divided them up into 12 months; each one is 30 days, and they added an extra five days.
The five days left are gathered under the name of the short month, so the Egyptian year carries 13 months, according to archaeologist Ossama Alsaadawy on his official website.
The Egyptians also managed to divide the day into 24 hours, the time of the spring and autumn, and the days of the week.
The Egyptians thought that the calendar was invented by Thoth, the god of knowledge, the moon, measures, reading and the alphabet.
The first month of the Egyptian year carries the name of Thoth.
According to Alsaadawy, the calendar doesn’t carry any mistakes and is the most suitable one for farmers.
The calendar also connected the weather, the astrological phenomena, solar and lunar systems, as Alsaadawy explained.
The Egyptians managed to set this calendar after watching the flood start every time the Sirius star was shining in the sky.
It was also the first solar calendar, while the other nations followed a lunar one.
The star shines at the sunset every time the flood reaches Memphis City.
Although Egypt officially doesn’t follow the Egyptian calendar, it is still used in churches and by farmers.
It is the 1734th Coptic year that it is based on the Egyptian calendar and the ancient Greek one (Julian calendar).
August connects the Julian calendar and the Egyptian one to be the base of the Gregorian calendar.
The churches celebrate with new Egyptian/Coptic year in Nayrouz Fests.
Egyptians didn’t name the months, but later on, the months were connected to the names of gods and folk idioms in the 26th dynasty period.
The names of the months are:
Thoth: The Egyptian god of wisdom and knowledge
Paopi: The god of agriculture and the Nile
Hathor: The goddess of beauty
Koiak: The god of good
Tobi: The god of rain
Meshir: The god of winds and storms
Paremhat: The god of heat, war and high temperature
Parmouti: The god of death
Pashons: The god of darkness
Paoni: The god of metal
Epip: The happiness because the Egyptian thought that Horus took his father’s revenge from Set
Mesori: The birth of the sun, Ra
Pi Kogi Enavot: The short month